Part 10: Circulating Decimal Coinage


The Current Decimal Coinage

The current decimal coinage

     The first major change in Jersey's coinage designs in 140 years took place in 1983. Previously the Seal of the Bailiwick had been shown on a common reverse for all denominations. Now representations of landmarks of Jersey history are depicted. The different designs help to distinguish the different values of the coins.

Denomination Period Landmark Some Initial Designs A Letter by Ian Monins, States Coinage Advisor,
to John Kelly of the Royal Mint
One Penny Napoleonic Wars Le Hocq Watch Tower
Used Against Napoleon's Troops
Two Pence Dark Ages L 'Hermitage
the Cell of St. Helier at Elizabeth Castle
Five Pence Tudor Times Seymour Tower
a Sea-Girt Defense from Invasion
Ten Pence Pre-History The Dolmen
a Neolithic Tomb at Faldouet
Twenty Pence Victorian Age La Corbiere Lighthouse
the First Lighthouse Made of Concrete
Fifty Pence Middle Ages The Gatehouse
of Grosnez Castle
Denomination Period Landmark Some Initial Designs
One Penny Napoleonic Wars Le Hocq Watch Tower
Used Against Napoleon's Troops
Two Pence Dark Ages L 'Hermitage
the Cell of St. Helier at Elizabeth Castle
Five Pence Tudor Times Seymour Tower
a Sea-Girt Defense from Invasion
Ten Pence Pre-History The Dolmen
a Neolithic Tomb at Faldouet
Twenty Pence Victorian Age La Corbiere Lighthouse
the First Lighthouse Made of Concrete
Fifty Pence Middle Ages The Gatehouse
of Grosnez Castle

A Letter by Ian Monins, States Coinage Advisor,
to John Kelly of the Royal Mint

Ian Monins, a Jersey numismatist and an advisor to Jersey's Finance and Economics Committee, heavily influenced the reverse designs of the current circulating coinage.

Things to note about this series:

An Ad Appearing in the Royal Mint's Coin Club "Bulletin"
for the 1983 Coinage
An Ad Appearing in the Royal Mint Bulletin for the 1983 Coinage


A Note About Mintage Figures

     It has been my experience that various sources will report a different mintage for the same coin and year. These differences have occurred for a variety of reasons. One is that some people have interpreted ‘minting’ to have occurred at different points during the coinage process. For example, a coin might be deemed 'minted' as follows: Another point of confusion is that unlike the 19th century, coin orders can be made multiple times in one year. For example, the 1984 one penny coin had two orders, both of 500,000. Thus, the total mintage is 1,000,000.

There can at times be a significant lag between the order of a coin, and the date coins are struck. Furthermore, if a small number of coins are ordered it might not be cost effective to commission a new die with an updated year. So, what can happen is a coin with one date can actually be 'minted' over several years. This is the case for the 2012 50p coins.

Another important question to ask is "Do we take into account the number of coins returned to the mint that are scrapped?" The answer is "Absolutely, if possible."
As noted below, sometimes we know exactly the date and the number of coins returned while other times we only have an estimate of the number returned. For example, in early 1986, Jersey returned approximately 200,000 half penny coins for scrap.

Collector sets have similar problems. If they sell well, more are made. If not, the orders are withdrawn. For example, the final numbers are 7,800 for the 1980 proof set and 6,000 for the 1981 proof set.

Therefore what I have done is try to determine the mintage statistics using various sources and adjusted them using the Royal Mint documents. All is this is documented and can be verified thru the use of the Royal Mint documents.



Half New Penny

Half New Penny


        YEAR     KM       mintage    diameter
        1971     29     4,000,000     17.14        
        1980              200,000                 
Things to note about this series:


Half Penny

Half Penny


        YEAR     KM       mintage    diameter
        1981     45        50,000     17.14       
Things to note about this series:


One New Penny

One New Penny


        YEAR     KM       mintage    diameter
        1971     30     4,500,000     20.32       
        1980            3,000,000                 
Things to note about this series:


One Penny

One Penny


        YEAR     KM       mintage    diameter
        1981     46        50,000     20.32       
Things to note about this series:


One Penny
Le Hocq Watch Tower, St. Clement

One Penny
Le Hocq Watch Tower, St. Clement


        YEAR     KM       mintage    diameter
        1983     54.1     500,000     20.32       
        1984            1,000,000
        1985            1,000,000      
        1986            2,000,000 
        1987            1,500,000 
        1988            1,000,000 
        1989            1,500,000 
        1990            2,000,000
	1992                6,000 
        1994     54.2   2,000,000               
        1997              320,000  
     The Le Hocq Watch Tower was built about 1781 and predated the action at Mortella Point, Corssica (1794). Thus the Watch Tower built under general Conway for the defence of the Island against France is not a Matello Tower, which is squatter and lacks the parapet projections.

Things to note about this series:


One Penny
Mature Bust -- Le Hocq Watch Tower, St. Clement

One Penny
Mature Bust -- Le Hocq Watch Tower, St. Clement


        YEAR     KM       mintage    diameter
        1998    103     6,350,000     20.32
        2000            1,500,000
        2001            1,500,000
        2002            1,520,000
        2003            1,575,000             
        2005            1,030,000
        2006            1,630,000                  
        2008            4,800,000                  
        2012            3,580,000   
        2014              720,000            
        2016            8,400,000            
Things to note about this series:


Two New Pence

Two New Pence


        YEAR     KM       mintage    diameter
        1971     31     2,225,000     25.91        
        1975            3,250,000     
        1980            2,030,000                  
Things to note about this series:


Two Pence

Two Pence


        YEAR     KM       mintage    diameter
        1981     47     1,050,000     25.91       
Things to note about this series:


Two Pence
L'Hermitage, St. Helier

Two Pence
L'Hermitage, St. Helier


        YEAR     KM       mintage    diameter
        1983     55.1     800,000     25.91        
        1984              750,000
        1985              250,000
        1986            1,000,000
        1987            2,000,000
        1988              750,000
        1989            1,000,000
        1990            2,600,000
        1992            2,250,000
        1997     55.2       5,500         
     St Helier lived a life of prayer in a cave on the top of Hermitage Rock for 15 years until 555 AD when he was beheaded by Norman pirates. He is the patron saint of Jersey and his feast day is 16th July.

Things to note about this series:


Two Pence
Mature Bust -- L'Hermitage, St. Helier

Two Pence
Mature Bust -- L'Hermitage, St. Helier


        YEAR     KM       mintage    diameter
        1998    104     3,750,000     25.91      
        2002            1,259,000
        2003               10,000
        2005              400,000
        2006            1,200,000                  
        2008            2,467,000                  
        2012              720,000   
        2014              360,000             
        2016              720,000                
Things to note about this series:


Five New Pence

Five New Pence


        YEAR     KM       mintage    diameter
        1968     32     2,400,000     23.59       
        1980              800,000                 
Things to note about this series:


Five Pence

Five Pence


        YEAR     KM       mintage    diameter
        1981     48        50,000     23.59       
Things to note about this series:


Five Pence
Seymour Tower, Grouville, L'Avathison

Five Pence
Seymour Tower, Grouville, L'Avathison


        YEAR     KM       mintage    diameter
        1983     56.1     400,000     23.59         
        1984              300,000
        1985              600,000
        1986              200,000
        1987               10,000                
        1988              400,000
The first tower erected here was in 1540. The present tower, the only square tower in Jersey, was built in 1782. It is positioned on a rock 1 1⁄4 miles out in the Royal Bay of Grouville.

Things to note about this series:


Five Pence
Reduced Size -- Seymour Tower, Grouville, L'Avathison

Five Pence
Reduced Size -- Seymour Tower, Grouville, L'Avathison


        YEAR     KM       mintage    diameter
        1990     56.2   4,000,000     18.00      
        1991            2,000,000
        1992            1,000,000
        1993            2,000,000                 
        1997                5,500                
Things to note about this series:


Five Pence
Mature Bust -- Seymour Tower, Grouville, L'Avathison

Five Pence
Mature Bust -- Seymour Tower, Grouville, L'Avathison


        YEAR     KM       mintage    diameter
        1998    105     3,200,000     18.00      (1,200,000 struck in 2000)
        2002            1,218,000
        2003            1,005,000                    
        2006            1,200,000                    
        2008            5,400,000                    
        2012            1,622,000                
        2014              862,000                
        2016            1,320,000                
Things to note about this series:


Ten New Pence

Ten New Pence


        YEAR     KM       mintage    diameter
        1968     33      1,500,000     28.50       
        1975             1,022,000
        1980             1,000,000                 
Things to note about this series:


Ten Pence

Ten Pence


        YEAR     KM       mintage    diameter
        1981     49        50,000     28.50       
Things to note about this series:


Ten Pence
Faldouet Dolmen

Ten Pence
Faldouet Dolmen


        YEAR     KM       mintage    diameter
        1983     57.1      30,000     28.50       
        1984              100,000
        1985              100,000
        1986              400,000
        1987              800,000
        1988              650,000
        1989              700,000
        1990              850,000
      Faldouet dolmen or La Pouquelaye de Faldouet dates back to about 2500BC.  It is a Neolithic dolmen and has been so changed by would-be archaeological diggers and restorers over the centuries, which it is impossible to say for sure how it looked originally.  A passage of 17 stones leads to a roughly circular chamber surrounded by the remains of side-cells and beyond that is a horseshoe chamber of seven uprights covered by a huge capstone weighing about 24 tons.  The term 'Pouquelaye' needs explaining.  Pouquelaye or pouclee means fairystone.  Long after the menhir and dolmens on the island had ceased to be the ritual centers for prehistoric man, many of the stones were still venerated for their huge size and continued to have a role to play in the supernatural beliefs of the islanders.  As the original purpose of these stones had long been forgotten, their presence was explained by later generations as a result of fairy magic.  The stones were thought to have been borne through the air by fairies - carried in their magic aprons! 
Things to note about this series:


Ten Pence
Reduced Size -- Faldouet Dolmen

Ten Pence
Reduced Size -- Faldouet Dolmen


        YEAR     KM       mintage    diameter
        1992     57.2   7,000,000     24.50    
        1997                5,500               
Things to note about this series:



Ten Pence
Mature Bust -- Faldouet Dolmen

Ten Pence
Mature Bust -- Faldouet Dolmen


        YEAR     KM       mintage    diameter
        2002    106       516,000     24.50
        2003               10,000                 
        2006              420,000                 
        2007              630,000                 
        2010              640,000
        2012              580,000  
        2014              420,000  
	2016		  490,000            
Things to note about this series:


Twenty Pence
100th Anniversary of Lighthouse at Corbiere

Twenty Pence
100th Anniversary of Lighthouse at Corbiere


        YEAR     KM       mintage    diameter
        1982     53       600,000      21.40       
Some Initial Designs

     At the far southwest tip of Jersey is Corbiere Lighthouse, which was the first concrete lighthouse to be built in the British Isles, and warns approaching ships of the dangerous rocks in the area. It was designed by Sir John Coode and was completed in 1873.

Things to note about this series:


Twenty Pence
Lighthouse at Corbiere

Twenty Pence
Lighthouse at Corbiere


        YEAR     KM       mintage    diameter
        1983     66       400,000     21.40       
        1984              250,000
        1986              100,000
        1987              100,000
        1989              100,000
        1990              150,000
        1992                6,000
        1994              200,000
        1996              250,000
        1997              600,000
Things to note about this series:


Twenty Pence
Mature Bust -- Lighthouse at Corbiere

Twenty Pence
Mature Bust -- Lighthouse at Corbiere


        YEAR     KM       mintage    diameter
        1998    107       900,000     21.40       
        2002              977,500                 
        2003               10,000 
        2005              500,000
        2006              500,000                   
        2007              780,000                   
        2009            1,500,000                   
        2012            1,298,750 
        2014              600,000                 
        2016            1,450,000                
Things to note about this series:


Twenty Five Pence
Queen's Silver Jubilee

Twenty Five Pence

        YEAR     KM       mintage    diameter
        1977     44       260,000     38.61       
Some Initial Designs
Some Initial Designs

     This is a circulating commemorative coin celebrating the Queen's Silver Jubilee of reign. The reverse design by Bernard Sindall is the Royal and Ancient castle of Mont Orgueil, which stands above Gorey Harbour and was for centuries the residence of the Lords, Keepers and Governors of Jersey.  Its name, meaning Mount Pride, was given to it by Thomas, Duke of Clarence, brother of Henry V, who was impressed by its unique position and great strength. 

     In 1966, Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, transferred ownership of Mont Orgueil Castle (and Elizabeth Castle) from the Crown to the people of Jersey on condition that the castles were to be maintained as historic monuments although they had already been in the care of the Island since 1923.  On 6th July 1996, the Lieutenant Governor - The Queen's representative in the Island - presented the keys of both castles to the Bailiff.  In accordance with the specified condition, Mont Orgueil has since undergone extensive restoration work to help ensure its historic past is not forgotten. 

Things to note about this series:


Fifty New Pence

Fifty New Pence


        YEAR     KM       mintage    diameter
        1969     34       480,000     30.00       
        1980              100,000                 
Things to note about this series:


Fifty Pence

Fifty Pence


       YEAR     KM       mintage    diameter
       1981     50        50,000     30.00       
Things to note about this series:


Fifty Pence
Grosnez Castle

Fifty Pence
Grosnez Castle


       YEAR     KM       mintage    diameter
       1983     58.1      50,000     30.00       
       1984               50,000                 
       1986               30,000
       1987              150,000
       1988              130,000                 
       1989              180,000
       1990              370,000                 
       1992                6,000
       1994              200,000              
       1997                5,500                                   
     Grosnez Castle is a ruined 14th-century castle in Saint Ouen. The castle was built around 1330 to provide local farmers with a place of refugee from French attacks. Depicted on the coin is the ruined gatehouse.

Things to note about this series: Things to note about this series:


Fifty Pence
40th Anniversary of Liberation

Fifty Pence
40th Anniversary of Liberation


       YEAR     KM       mintage    diameter
       1985     63        65,000     30.00       
Some Initial Designs A Letter by Ian Monins, States Coinage Advisor,
with Several Ideas
Some Initial Designs A Letter by Ian Monins, States Coinage Advisor,
with Several Ideas

Things to note about this series:


Fifty Pence
Reduced Size -- Grosnez Castle

Fifty Pence

Reduced Size -- Grosnez Castle


       YEAR     KM       mintage    diameter
       1997     58.2   1,500,000     27.30       


Fifty Pence
Mature Bust -- Grosnez Castle

Fifty Pence
Mature Bust -- Grosnez Castle


       YEAR     KM       mintage   diameter
       1998    108     2,000,000    27.30       
       2003               10,000                
       2005              200,000
       2006              300,000                
       2009              480,000                
       2012              370,000 
       2014              240,000            
       2016              120,000             
Things to note about this series:

The Proposed 1977 Coins

The Proposed 1977 Coins



     Starting in May of 1977 Mr J Clennett, Treasurer for the States of Jersey, was in contact with the Royal Mint to order coins without the word "NEW." In June sketches of all the denomations with two alternatives were submitted to the States of Jersey Treasury. In each case, the design has the seal of the Bailiwick with "BAILIWICK OF JERSEY" in its original position and with the value and date underneath the shield. The other design had the "BAILIWICK OF JERSEY" more spaced out. The other difference was the first had dots before and after "BAILIWICK OF JERSEY." Jersey's Finance and Economics Committee indicated that they would preferred having the date split left and right of the center shield (similar to the 1877 1/12th of a shilling.) The modified design was approved and on July 27, 1977, a coinage order was made. During November and December 1977 two sample coins (from 24 originally struck) of each denomation were sent to the States Treasury for approval. Although they meet approval, a problem arose when it was discovered that the law required amending to remove the word "NEW" on the coinage. A year and a half later, coins were still needed but no changes to the law had been made, so in May of 1979, a work order was issued requesting coins made from previously dated dies. Finally, in January 1980, the 1977 order was canceled. Eventually, coins without the word "NEW" were minted in 1981.

Of course, it does not answer the question, "Is the 1977 Twenty Five Pence commemorative issue a legitimate issue?"

See the Royal Mint document MINT-34-T3-Z.pdf for more information concerning the 1977 coins.

Because of the difficulty about removing the word "NEW", the following coins were ordered using older dies.
Coins Minted by Work Oder 467 dated May 18, 1979
Denomination Date Quantity
50P 1969 80,000
10P 1975 722,000
5P 1969 600,000
2P 1975 250,000
1P 1971 500,000


Check List
Half Penny Penny Two Pence Five Pence Ten Pence Twenty Pence Fifty Pence



1968 1968







1969
1971 1971 1971





1975
1975

1980 1980 1980 1980 1980
1980
1981 1981 1981 1981 1981
1981





1982

1983 1983 1983 1983 1983 1983

1984 1984 1984 1984 1984 1984

1985 1985 1985 1985
1985

1986 1986 1986 1986 1986 1986

1987 1987 1987 1987 1987 1987

1988 1988 1988 1988
1988

1989 1989
1989 1989 1989

1990 1990 1990 1990 1990 1990



1991



1992 1992 1992 1992 1992 1992



1993



1994


1994 1994





1996

1997 1997 1997 1997 1997 1997

1998 1998 1998
1998 1998

2000 2000




2001 2001




2002 2002 2002 2002 2002

2003 2003 2003 2003 2003 2003

2005 2005

2005 2005

2006 2006 2006 2006 2006 2006




2007 2007

2008 2008 2008







2009 2009




2010


2012 2012 2012 2012 2012 2012

2014 2014 2014 2014 2014 2014

2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016
Check List
Half Penny Penny Two Pence Five Pence Ten Pence Twenty Pence Fifty Pence



1968 1968







1969
1971 1971 1971





1975
1975

1980 1980 1980 1980 1980
1980
1981 1981 1981 1981 1981
1981





1982

1983 1983 1983 1983 1983 1983

1984 1984 1984 1984 1984 1984

1985 1985 1985 1985
1985

1986 1986 1986 1986 1986 1986

1987 1987 1987 1987 1987 1987

1988 1988 1988 1988
1988

1989 1989
1989 1989 1989

1990 1990 1990 1990 1990 1990



1991



1992 1992 1992 1992 1992 1992



1993



1994


1994 1994





1996

1997 1997 1997 1997 1997 1997

Check List
Half Penny Penny Two Pence Five Pence Ten Pence Twenty Pence Fifty Pence

1998 1998 1998
1998 1998

2000 2000




2001 2001




2002 2002 2002 2002 2002

2003 2003 2003 2003 2003 2003

2005 2005

2005 2005

2006 2006 2006 2006 2006 2006




2007 2007

2008 2008 2008







2009 2009




2010


2012 2012 2012 2012 2012 2012

2014 2014 2014 2014 2014 2014

2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016



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