For the 1861 penny there are ten die varieties consisting of nine obverse dies paired with six reverse dies.  The differences can be noted in the date and in the fraction.


1861
Penny
Obverse
Reverse


1861
Penny
Obverse
Reverse


1861
Penny
Obverse
Reverse




The spacing is measured between the digits and the horizon is from the one to the one.


Obverse Dies:  The Date


Repunched 8


Horizontal Date


Large spacing between the 6 and the 1


Obverse Dies:  The Date


Wide Date


Small Spacing between the 8 and the 6



Narrow Date


Obverse Dies:  The Date


Similar to type 5, but larger spacing between the 1 and the 8 and horizontal date.


Obverse Dies:  The Date


Repunched 8


Horizontal Date


Large spacing between the 6 and the 1


Wide Date


Small Spacing between the 8 and the 6



Narrow Date


Similar to type 5,
but larger spacing between the 1 and the 8
and horizontal date.


Reverse Dies:  1/13

Normal fraction

Repaired fraction

Short fraction


Reverse Dies:  1/13

Short fraction with small angle

Fraction with sharp 3 and shorter digits

Fraction with sharp 3 and double bar


Reverse Dies:  1/13

Normal fraction

Repaired fraction

Short fraction

Short fraction with small angle

Fraction with sharp 3 and shorter digits

Fraction with sharp 3 and double bar



Return to Part Two:  Thirteen Pence to a Shilling - Queen Victoria Copper Issues